Appl. Phys. Express 1 (2008) 041201 (2 pages) |Previous Article| |Next Article| |Table of Contents|
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Enhanced Conversion Efficiencies of Cu2ZnSnS4-Based Thin Film Solar Cells by Using Preferential Etching Technique
Department of Electrical and Electronic Systems Engineering, Nagaoka National College of Technology, 888 Nishikatakai, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-8532, Japan
1Materials Department, Toyota Central Research and Development Laboratories Inc., Nagakute, Aichi 480-1192, Japan
(Received November 12, 2007; accepted March 7, 2008; published online April 4, 2008)
Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin film solar cells have been fabricated by co-sputtering technique using three targets of Cu, SnS, and ZnS. CZTS-based thin film solar cells over 6.7% efficiency were obtained for the first time by soaking the CZTS layer on the Mo coated soda-lime glass substrate in deionized water (DIW) after forming the CZTS layer. It was found that DIW-soaking had the effect of preferential etching, which eliminated selectively metal oxide particles in the CZTS layer, by electron probe X-ray micro analysis.
©2008 The Japan Society of Applied Physics
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