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Temperature-Driven Structural Phase Transition in Tetragonal-Like BiFeO3

Wolter Siemons1, Michael D. Biegalski2, Joong Hee Nam1,3, and Hans M. Christen1

1Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, U.S.A.
2Center for Nanophase Materials Science, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, U.S.A.
3Optic and Electronic Ceramics Division, Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering and Technology (KICET), Seoul 153-801, Republic of Korea

(Received June 18, 2011; accepted July 20, 2011; published online August 8, 2011)

Highly strained BiFeO3 exhibits a “tetragonal-like, monoclinic” crystal structure found only in epitaxial films (with an out-of-plane lattice parameter exceeding the in-plane value by >20%). Previous work has shown that this phase is properly described as an MC monoclinic structure at room temperature [with a (010)pc symmetry plane, which contains the ferroelectric polarization]. Here, we show detailed temperature-dependent X-ray diffraction data that reveal a structural phase transition at ∼100 °C to a high-temperature MA phase [“tetragonal-like” but with a (110)pc symmetry plane]. These results indicate that the ferroelectric properties and domain structures of the strained BiFeO3 are strongly temperature dependent. ©2011 The Japan Society of Applied Physics

DOI: 10.1143/APEX.4.095801

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